Knowledge is wisdom, it is intelligence, it is erudition, it is intellectuality, it is rationality, it is experience – it is the set of all this, but none of it in particular.
Knowledge is only accumulation of information. Information that may be useful or not. Having great knowledge of matters that are of no use is wrong, it is wasteful. The famous phrase that states that “knowing does not occupy place” is wrong. Knowledge occupies a place, and the place we possess to guard knowledge is limited.
To have knowledge of one thing is to have recorded this thing in conscious memory. I know the Pakistani flag is green and white because I remember it. The image of the Pakistani flag is registered in my conscious memory. I have seen the flags of every country in the world, and I know that all the ones I have seen are registered in my unconscious. But I cannot describe them all. I can only describe what I remember. Thus, knowledge is only what is remembered and can be spoken of consciously. And this ability to remember, to have conscious access to memory, is limited, though its limits are indefinable. They depend on the brain’s natural ability.
The capacity of the brain, although limited as to what it is conscious, is of a tremendous dimension, since it stores everything that is useful, necessary and important for our daily lives, as our identity – psychological and social – (Names, numbers, addresses, telephone numbers, timetables, programs, prices …) and infinite more informal information (language, memories, wishes, dreams, projects, ideals … ). All our conscious mental life is based on information that we mentally manipulate. This manipulation consists in relating an image or mental act with its concrete reality or actual concretion. This is knowledge, real and conscious.
It is this conscious knowledge that is most important in our lives. For it is by recourse to the past and to the memory that we use the brain and the mind to enable practice and action by creating a chain in continuity. It is also with the ability that we have to use the knowledge that we have access to more knowledge. So the important thing is not knowing – even because it is impossible to know everything – but knowing how to know what is necessary in a given situation. “It is useless for me to know, remember and describe all the world’s flags, but if for some reason I have to differentiate them, I must know where I can find them to describe them”. Again, the important thing is not knowing, but knowing how to know.
The best knowledge is the conscious knowledge of keys to access to unconscious, individual or collective knowledge. And this unconscious knowledge is that it is unlimited. It is that it is all the life of the man. Whatever a man wants and does not want.
Except for the socio-biological differences of the brain and being consciously limited, the explanation for which individuals in equal circumstances possess different degrees of knowledge lies in the way the conscious itself is used.
Consciousness is used in different ways in each individual. An individual who has always lived in the rural world, isolated from civilization and without access to the great information, has his conscious only occupied with the context of his rural environment, not having for social reasons more comprehensive knowledge. A strong football fan knowingly knows everything about football – club history, names of players, etc. – but as he has his conscious almost all busy with football cannot know much of other subjects – would have to forget football – so, for cultural reasons, has many knowledge of one thing, but few of everything. An individual who spends most of his time in monotonous and repetitive activities, whether work or play, occupies time without learning anything, filling his consciousness with futility and even knowing everything from work or play has little general knowledge .
Although the most important thing in life is that everyone feels happy regardless of the quality and quantity of knowledge that he possesses, it can be considered that the cited examples refer to underused brains. But if this under utilization is considered defective, it is not inferior to an overloaded brain, but let’s see: imagine an individual who has many knowledge, studied his whole life, spent his days in libraries, traveled extensively, received information from many sources, World and went through countless experiences.
This individual can be characterized in three ways: on the one hand cannot have this knowledge all present consciously. Most of them – the very same part – are part of their unconscious, and are only truly aware if they consciously keep only the keys to the vast unconscious. You do not know a thing, but you know where you find it. And the books or records of the immense “recording” media that currently exist allow access to an infinite amount of information. This is the only way to have true knowledge, for things that have already forgotten are worthless and cannot be recovered from memory.
On the other hand, if this individual does not know how to keep all this knowledge, he is more easily mentally disturbed. Since conscious memory is limited, we cannot know more than what the brain allows, and because we do not know the limits, we can introduce data in excess, which can cause a kind of bottleneck, of mental disorganization. Remember that the reasoning itself is just a mental “manipulation” of data, if the data is excessive, complex or indecipherable, the brain blocks.
And finally, it is no use to be possessed of a vast knowledge if in no way is used in life. The true value of knowledge lies in its usefulness. The ideal, even if Utopian, would be to know everything that was necessary to know, whatever the reasons.
Knowledge can be altered and disturbed by accidents, illnesses, drugs or medicines, affecting the brain where all memory is stored, conscious and unconscious, and the unconscious can manifest itself in abnormal forms – personality changes, amnesia, etc. And knowing that useful knowledge is conscious and rational, it can also be affected by emotional and effective reasons. For when a person is sentimentally injured, the brain is too busy with this suffering and unable to think. This blockage caused by feelings can lead to the same problems.
Knowledge can be understood in four ways: conscious individual – what a particular person knows; Individual unconscious – that which a certain person knew, but has already forgotten and what he knows without knowing that he knows, unconsciously knows; Conscious collective – what everyone knows; Collective unconscious – what no one remembers, but which may still be in someone’s memory, or it may be in nature, in museums and libraries. Note that the unconscious is composed not only of everything that has already existed, but also of everything that exists and to which no one has yet consciously had access – gravity already existed before Newton formulated his laws.
Knowledge is just accumulation of information. The important thing is to accumulate information that allows us to use our own knowledge.